Hardinge of Penshurst (1858-1944)

Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst was viceroy of India 1910-16. His administration in India was responsible for the reunification of Bengal and the transfer of the capital from Calcutta to Delhi, steps designed to conciliate Bengali nationalists while removing the capital from the reach of their influence. These changes were announced by the King during the royal visit to India in December 1911. The problem of terrorism during the Hardinge years was exemplified by a bomb attack on the viceroy himself, but he had the cooperation of the moderate nationalists of the Congress movement and he had their support when he mobilized Indian troops for the war in Europe after it began in August 1914.

Sources: Briton Cooper Busch, Hardinge of Penshurst: A Study of the Old Diplomacy (Hamden Conn.: Archon Books, 1980).