Wallinger, Sir John A. (1872-1931)

Sir John Arnold Wallinger, son of W.H.A. Wallinger of the Indian Forest Service, entered the Imperial Indian Police in 1896. He served in various districts of Bombay Presidency from 1896-1909. He was on deputation to Scotland Yard in 1904 and on special duty with the criminal intelligence department, India, from 1908 to 1910. He was assigned to the India Office, London, for one year in March 1913, with extensions in 1914, 1915 and 1916. Vancouver-based immigration inspector Hopkinson began reporting his surveillance work to Wallinger in the summer of 1913.

Sources: Hugh Johnston, “The Surveillance of Indian Nationalists in North America,” BC Studies, no. 78, Summer, 1988, pp. 3-26; Richard James Popplewell, Intelligence and Imperial Defence: British Intelligence and the Defence of the British Empire (London: Frank Cass, 1995).